Pablo Neruda (July 12, 1904 – September 23, 1973) was the pseudonym of Chilean poet and politician, Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto. He always used green color for writing, as it was the color of hope according to him.
“If nothing saves us from death, at least let love save us from life” Pablo Neruda.
Born as Ricardo Eliécer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto on July 12, 1904, in Parral a city south of Santiago Chile, he was better known by his pen name Pablo Neruda, a nobel prize winning poet.
He composed his first poems at the young age of 10 with his father objecting to his new interest in writing and literature.
As a thirteen year old teenager, he published his first work, an essay entitled “Entusiasmo y perseverancia” (Enthusiasm and Perseverance) in the local newspaper.
By the 1920s he had adopted the pseudonym Pablo Neruda to avoid his father’s disapproval of his poems. Luckily along his journey he received encouragement from many others, including the future Nobel Prize winner Gabriela Mistral.
In 1924 when Neruda was 19 his “Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada” (Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair) a collection of love poems was published. Among his many published works this remains Neruda’s best known, critically acclaimed as well as controversial at the time for its eroticism, especially considering its author’s young age.
Colombian novelist Gabriel García Márquez once called Neruda “the greatest poet of the 20th century in any language but was also criticized by others for his favorable views on communism.
Pablo Neruda received numerous prestigious awards, including the International Peace Prize in 1950 and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971.
The story of Neruda’s many travels, loves and life have been made into Neruda, a movie (video below) starring Gael Garcia Bernal as a detective hunting down the fugitive poet in Chile. In 2017 it received a Golden Globe for Best Foreign Language Film.